A programming languages is any set of rules that converts strings, or graphical program elements in the case of visual programming language, to various kinds of machine code output.
Python is a high-level, general-purpose programming language that is interpreted. The use of considerable indentation in its design philosophy promotes code readability. Its language elements and object-oriented approach are aimed at assisting programmers in writing clear, logical code for both small and large-scale projects.
- Machine Learning
- Data science
- Web backend
Java is an object-oriented programming language with a high level of abstraction and as few implementation dependencies as feasible.
- Build applications for a wide range of platforms.
- Desktop GUI Applications
- Web-based Applications
- Gaming Applications
- Java is used as the server-side language for most back-end development projects
Kotlin is a type-inferred, cross-platform, statically typed general-purpose programming language. Although Kotlin is meant to work seamlessly with Java, and the JVM version of the standard library relies on the Java Class Library, type inference allows for more succinct syntax.
- Server-side, client-side web
- Android development (2nd official language)
- Support for more platforms, like embedded devices, macOS, and iOS, is on the way, thanks to Kotlin/Native.
R is a programming language for statistical and graphical programming. It is widely used among statisticians and data miners for data analysis. It holds profound importance in data analysis, financial domains, and telecom sectors.
It has extended libraries for interactive graphics.Objected oriented programming language.Supports cross-platform operation.Highly extensible.The top companies using R are Flipkart, Amazon, Google, LinkedIn.
There is a huge shortage of people with expertise in R so learning this language can be a bright career choice.
- Statistical computing
- Data analytics
- scientific research
- The top companies using R are Flipkart, Amazon, Google, LinkedIn.
Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson created Go, a statically typed, compiled programming language at Google. Go is similar to C in syntax but adds memory safety, garbage collection, structural typing, and concurrency in the CSP style.
- Distributed Network Services
- Cloud-Native Development
- Replacements for Existing Infrastructure
- Utilities and Stand-Alone Tools
- News Outlets
- Media platforms
PHP is one of the general-purpose scripting languages that will continue to hold its importance in the upcoming years. It is among the first server-side language that can be embedded with HTML to add functionality to web pages. Due to the increasing online trend, PHP developers are in high demand. Some of the astonishing features are:
Simple and easy to learn.Faster than other scripting languagesHighly secure to prevent threats and attacks.Amazing websites like Facebook, Yahoo, and Wikipedia run on PHP.
- Web development
- Backend scripting
- To develop dynamic and interactive websites.
- Amazing websites like Facebook, Yahoo, and Wikipedia run on PHP.
Swift is a compiled programming language created by Apple Inc. and the open-source community for general-purpose, multi-paradigm programming.
- Ios apps
- macOS apps
- watchOS apps
- tvOS apps
- Linux apps
C++, or “C with Classes,” is a general-purpose programming language established by Bjarne Stroustrup as an extension of the C computer language.
- Augmented reality
- Virtual reality
- Many of these programs run on Unreal Engine (a gaming engine), which is written in C++.
Dart is rising in the industry as a simple coding language, following the C language syntax. It means that Dart is pretty easy to learn and has a wide range of applications in multi-platform and cross-platform development. Learning Dart might not seem like an extreme necessity, but it does provide several added advantages to the developers over learning traditional languages
- Web and mobile apps.
- Used to build server and desktop applications.
- it is used with flutter for developing the frontend of cross-platform mobile apps.