Technical interventions based on remote sensing, soil sensors, unmanned aerial surveys, and market data are used in digital agriculture to allow farmers to combine crop and soil health conditions at various stages of production, allowing for imagining and testing. They can be used as a starting point for recognising possible problems and equipping employees with the tools they need to address them quickly.
Artificial Intelligence / Machine Learning (AL/ML) algorithms that boost crop yields, eliminate pests, assist in soil testing, provide useful data to farmers, and minimise their burden can produce actionable insights in a short amount of time. Farm manipulation, inventories, rapid and secure transactions, and food tracking are all possible with blockchain technology.
Farmers would no longer have to rely on papers or files to record and keep critical information. Robots, temperature and humidity sensors, aerial images, and GPS technology are some of the technologies that will be employed in future agriculture. Modern agricultural and robotic technologies will be able to make farms more profitable, efficient, safe, and ecologically friendly as a result of this. Governments can play a key role in resolving the issue of food scarcity. They need to take on a bigger and more important role than just regulating and facilitating.
Governments can challenge the traditional heritage paradigm and advance such projects by challenging the traditional heritage model;
- To begin, ensure food security and reduce import dependency.
- Become a net exporter of new solutions as well as products.
- Boost productivity and aid in the transition to a knowledge-based economy.
Implementation of digital agriculture in India
The importance of isolated smallholder farms in India, which complicates data collecting, is one of the driving forces behind the country’s progressive adoption of digital farming. Limited access to machinery, as well as periodic natural calamities like as droughts, floods, and excessive monsoon rains, have slowed the adoption of digital solutions in the sector. As a result, establishing digital agriculture on a typical Indian small farm will require a customised method, which can later be enlarged and made available to a large number of Indian farms.
- Low-cost technology
- Portable hardware
- Academic support
- Agriculture production is increased while costs are reduced.
- Prevents soil degradation
- Reduces the usage of chemical fertilizers in crop production.
- Encourages the effective and efficient use of water resources.
- Reduces the influence on the environment
- Increase worker safety.